A match cut is any cut that emphasizes spatio-temporal continuity.It is a cut in film editing from one scene to another in which the two camera shots' compositional elements match, helping to establish a strong continuity of action – and linking two ideas with a metaphor
Shot / Reverse:
Shot reverse shot (or shot/countershot) is a film technique where one character is shown looking at another character (often off-screen), and then the other character is shown looking back at the first character. Since the characters are shown facing in opposite directions, the viewer assumes that they are looking at each other.
The 180 Degree Rule:
The 180° rule is a basic guideline in film making that states that two characters (or other elements) in the same scene should always have the same left/right relationship to each other. If the camera passes over the imaginary axis connecting the two subjects, it is called crossing the line. The new shot, from the opposite side, is known as a reverse angle.